Moscow plans to monitor the "loyalty" of its residents with detailed digital profiles similar to China's social credit system, the Open Media news site reported Tuesday, which reported public documents.
Moscow City Hall since 2017 collects gender, age, income level and relationship with other people registered on its website mos.ru as part of the Internet activity monitoring system called IS STATS.
Open Media reported that Moscow City Hall launched a 280 million rubles ($ 3.7 million) tender last week to expand the system's capabilities.
The digital profiles will now include information on violations, fines, debts and participation in various events by Muscovites, according to the cited documentation. The data will be compared with information from public Wi-Fi networks and mobile phone operators.
According to Open Media, the Moscow City Hall will be able to divide the data into groups that include "signs of loyalty".
The purpose of the digital profiles is to "continuously monitor user activity" throughout Moscow, develop detailed analyzes based on business areas, "quickly identify emerging trends" and "respond promptly to changes in the situation in the city," according to the report .
The Department of Information Technology (DIT) of the Moscow City Hall claims that the collected data will be anonymized. Experts, however, warn that the system will be subject to abuse.
"I'm pretty sure the information in this system will be personalized for every citizen," Stanislav Shakirov, founder and technical director of Roskomavoboda's Internet rights group, told Open Media.
"Most likely, at some point it will be possible to buy information on the black market," Shakirov said, citing Moscow's vast network of surveillance cameras with facial recognition as an example.
Across the country, four out of five Russians are expected to have "digital profiles" collected by the state by 2025.
Observers compare Russia's digital profiles to China's social credit system, which rewards or punishes citizens based on individual scores derived from their personal characteristics, behavior and credit history.
This is a machine translation from Italian language of a post published on DataBase Italia at the URL https://www.databaseitalia.it/mosca-pianifica-un-sistema-di-monitoraggio-in-stile-credito-sociale-ampliato-open-media/ on Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:05:31 +0000.