Because the electric car is a unique opportunity for the Italian industry. Motus-E report

Because the electric car is a unique opportunity for the Italian industry. Motus-E report

What emerges from the study by Motus-E and Cami (Center for Automotive and Mobility Innovation of the Department of Management of the Ca' Foscari University of Venice) entitled "The transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem". Facts, numbers and scenarios

After three decades of contraction, the Italian car industry finds itself at a crossroads: it can relaunch itself with the new opportunities of electric mobility or go towards further industrial and occupational downsizing. This was revealed by the study presented yesterday in Rome by Motus-E and CAMI (Center for Automotive and Mobility Innovation of the Department of Management of the Ca' Foscari University of Venice), entitled "The transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem".


The survey – which involved over 2,400 Italian component supplier companies at national and international level, with 280,000 employees – reveals that, considering the new sub-chains of electric mobility, automotive jobs by 2030 could increase by 6%. An increase subject to the foresight of the industrial policy of the immediate future, to which must be added another 7,000 new jobs only in the infrastructure and energy segment at the service of eMobility.

The evidence is the result of an analysis based on a methodology capable of cataloging, for the first time, all the activities associated with the production of electric vehicles. Thanks to an unprecedented degree of detail, it was possible to sound out the product portfolio of the individual companies in the Italian automotive ecosystem, defining for each one an indicator that measures the technical correlations with battery-powered vehicles.

To widen the scope of examination to the new realities linked to electrification, the study put under the lens the 19 characteristic macro-modules of Italian car production, to which 127 elementary components refer. Basically, all the individual parts that make up a vehicle, from the valves to the seat fabric.

Starting from such a precise picture, it was possible to estimate the employment effects of the electrical transformation through dedicated models for each type of company or product, identifying the real growth potential of the national automotive sector. At the same time, however, the analysis also highlighted the urgency of active policies for the formation and reconversion of the sector, without which, in the light of global megatrends, the Italian supply chain would inevitably end up continuing to shrink.


"Today is a very important day – said the president of Motus-E, Massimo Nordio – because a fundamental and very useful journey for Italy begins, a journey of monitoring and knowledge of all the real and potential effects of the great transformation of mobility electric, which started some time ago and in which Motus-E finds its raison d'être. We see electric mobility as a great opportunity for our country. An opportunity which, however, must be studied, understood and interpreted. First of all, we need to know what the effects are on Italian industry today, what problems to solve and what opportunities to seize. The Observatory that we are presenting today will become a very important tool for our industry”.

"This is the first study done by a public university that deals with the transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem", explained Francesco Zirpoli, scientific director of CAMI (Center for Automotive & Mobility Innovation of the Ca' Foscari University of Venice).


The general secretary of Motus-E, Francesco Naso, stated that “we decided to run simulations to understand how to use the database of our observatory to try to understand how the sector will evolve. By 2030, a 40% decrease in employees in ICE component companies (endothermic cars) is expected and, in parallel, a 10% increase in workers in non-ICE companies. The first results of a scenario to 2030 show a +6% of jobs in the ICE+BEV productive sectors”. For Naso "we need to increase policies to support the sector, and in this sense I believe that the new government has understood that there is an urgency, both at European and national level".


To encourage programming based on data and scientific evidence, together with the report, Motus-E and CAMI have launched the Observatory on the transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem, an entity that will take charge of the method and assets developed to make them available to operators and institutions, thus helping them to seize the opportunities that technological innovation offers. An ever-evolving tool, which will be able to accompany stakeholders through any change in the scenario, starting from the evidence of the analysis just presented.

“The Italian automotive supply chain has the potential to remain a leading player in the industry. This provided that investments in new skills and the repositioning action are rapid, targeted and supported by appropriate policy actions", underlines Francesco Zirpoli, scientific director of CAMI, "our research shows that the conditions exist for the technological innovation brings benefits not only of an environmental nature, but also of an economic and social nature".

And it is precisely in this groove that the enabling factor of the Permanent Observatory fits in. “The Observatory on the transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem”, explains Zirpoli, “was created to produce scientific evidence on the state of the art and on the evolution of the skills of companies and workers. The results of the observatory will be at the service of research, the economic system and policy makers. The observatory will be based in Ca' Foscari in the Department of Management and will make use of the CAMI network, made up of scholars and researchers from universities and the CNR-IRCrES”.


Giulio Calabrese, research manager of the CNR and scientific director of the Permanent Observatory on the transformations of the Italian automotive ecosystem, said that "for our observatory we have thought of a governance system based on three subjects: a technical-scientific committee, a scientific director and a steering committee. However, the contribution of external representatives is also central. The objective of the observatory is not only to produce studies, but to be of support to those who can facilitate the transition, especially as regards industrial and workers' policies. The observatory takes care of expanding the database, defining in-depth topics to develop surveys to be submitted to the companies present in the database and creating annual reports, which will be made available to everyone”.

This is a machine translation from Italian language of a post published on Start Magazine at the URL on Thu, 15 Dec 2022 05:39:41 +0000.